Essential Forex Trading Concepts You Should Know

Essential Forex Trading Concepts You Should Know

  • Posted on 1818-0808-2022
  • by Gareth McCauley


The forex market has a daily volume of $6.6 trillion, making it larger than the stock market. It has its unique attributes, so navigating it for the first time is like driving through uncharted territory.

Yet, you can always take extra steps to prepare better for your future forex trade endeavours.
For starters, read this blog to discover the key forex trading concept every beginner and experienced trader should know.


The Forex Majors

In the foreign exchange market, investors trade currencies instead of stock or commodities. Since the options are more limited, the market revolves around several currencies, also known as major economies or “the Majors.” The most important ones are the US dollar and the Euro, both involved in most trades.

The other 6 important forex Majors are:

  • Japanese Yen
  • UK Pound Sterling
  • Swiss Franc
  • Canadian Dollar
  • Australian Dollar
  • New Zealand Dollar


Currency Pairs

When trading currencies, you will always see them in pairs. Why? Well, the values of different currencies depend on one another. A decimal number expresses this relation. So, for instance, if the EUR/USD pair is 1.4400, you need to pay $1,44 to buy €1.

Traders try to predict how the relationship between currencies changes. If they think that the US economy will perform better than the European economy, they can decide to buy more dollars with the euro, and vice versa.

You can also exchange currencies with a trader for a set amount in the future. If one of the currencies has a larger value in the future, one of the traders will earn a profit. This is known as a currency futures contract.


Carry Trading

Besides betting on currency value, you can also make transactions based on currency interest rates. This forex strategy is known as carry trading. How does it work? Well, the fact is that every currency has a different interest rate. The number is set by the currency’s central bank, and it depends on multiple complex factors.

Traders can borrow a currency with a lower interest rate (low-yield) and use it to purchase a currency with a higher rate (high-yield). In the end, they will make a profit out of the interest rate difference.

For instance, if currency A has a 1% interest rate and currency B has a 7% interest rate, a trader will use currency A to purchase currency B and earn a 6% interest profit.



Another key concept in forex trading is leverage. Simply put, this is the money you borrow from a broker to enter a transaction. It’s also present in other trading markets; however, forex is known for its high leverages.

Essentially, in forex, you can control a large amount of money with a small initial margin. For instance, in some situations, you can deposit only 1% of the total value. So, if $200,000 are in play, you can reach the sum with only $2,000. Even though it sounds appealing, the high forex leverages can also cause a lot of harm, if they are not handled properly.


Liquidity & Volatility

Liquidity is a term that references the activity in a certain market. When there is a large number of transactions per day, the market is more liquid. Since forex is open 24 hours a day, Monday to Friday, and has a high daily turnover, it is considered the most liquid financial market.

At first, this sounds like a good thing. However, this concept is connected to market volatility. Volatility represents how dramatically market prices can change. A higher liquidity market has higher volatility. That’s why forex traders should be extremely careful with their trading moves.


Join Fair Forex for Seamless Trading

The foreign exchange market is vast and complex. It’s the largest and most liquid financial market. As a result, it attracts scammers and amateur brokers like bees to a honeypot. The best way to protect yourself and your trades is to collaborate with a trustworthy forex broker.

Operating worldwide, from Europe to Australia, Fair Forex has earned a reputation for being the world’s most reliable forex broker. Choosing us means getting access to experienced traders with a transparent, goodhearted, and professional approach.

Feel free to contact our team to learn more about the process.